It is known in the past that nomadic organizations prefer to settle after a certain period due to climate and geographic location. In order to survive after the settlement, they started to weave rugs or carpets. Some of the regions have been surrounded by nomadic life and have a local character. The weaving centers that produce these aesthetic tastes have also started to contribute to the home economies. Yoruks in some regions, the water is beautiful because they have settled in certain places. In the dwellings acquired, it is seen that the settlement and natural conditions are suitable for livestock breeding and there is limited availability of vineyard and garden farming. For this reason, the people of some places have been forced to do kilim and carpet weaving for centuries.
History of Kilims
In history, kilims and carpet weaving became the most important source of income in certain regions. Some of the products produced in the region include rugs and carpets; pique, bed sheets, raw cloth, various drapes, canvases, table cloths and a few of the towel sheets and fleece blankets came to the fore. It is possible to see the best example of this in Denizli. Here again rugs and carpet weaving is in the foreground. In some places, cotton yarns, which are supplied from yarn factories, are firstly applied boiling, bleaching, dyeing, drying and winding. The warp-solving method of the wardrobe is transported to the workbench and weaving is started after weaving and combing the warp yarns. The historical development of the kilim and carpet weaving and its current state, as well as the stages of the weaving technique, such as the dyeing, winding, warp preparation, weaving process, finishing processes, and the tools used, have not changed.
Kilims by Region
It is seen that some of the plain weaves produced in the carpets or rugs in some regions are exhibited in original way thanks to some physical properties such as width, height, usable width, warp-weft density, thickness, square weight, warp and weft strength. When we look at the carpet and rug weaving schemes, we see that colorful yarn order, drawing, attachment plan of the legs and knitting pattern are among the important techniques in weaving. In addition, fiber, number, twist and shortening ratios on warp and weft yarns forming rugs and carpet weaving are used in various ways.